Ankara is the second biggest city of Turkey with about 5 million population and also is the Capital. Ankara is like a middle way between Istanbul and Cappadocia.
We really recommend to stay over one night in Ankara, if you hit the roads in Turkey.
Sights to Visit in Ankara
Ankara Castle is situated in the heart of the city and is the spot where city was established. The exact date of construction is uncertain. Two layer of walls are surrounding the castle site. It is believed that Inner Line of walls were for separate the acropolis or administrational palace. Outer line of walls were like a shelter for the residents for protecting them from enemies.
Today, it is packed with Ottoman Style houses that are used as souveniors shops or cafeterias. It overlooks the city and offers a great view.
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is just at the south of Ankara Castle. As the collection of museum is the combination of artifacts from different Anatolian civilizations then it was named Museum of Anatolian Civilizations
Exhibitions start with the Paleolithic era, and continue chronologically through the Neolithic, Early Bronze, Assyrian trading colonies, Hittite, Phrygian, Urartian, Greek, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuq and Ottoman periods. There is also an extensive collection of artifacts from the excavations at Karain, Çatalhöyük, Hacılar, Canhasan, Beyce Sultan, Alacahöyük, Kültepe, Acemhöyük, Boğazköy (Gordion), Pazarlı, Altıntepe, Adilcevaz and Patnos as well as examples of several periods.
The exhibits of gold, silver, glass, marble and bronze works date back as far as the second half of the first millennium BC. The coin collections, with examples ranging from the first minted money to modern times, represent the museum’s rare cultural treasures.
Museum of Anatolian Civilizations reaching the present time with its historical buildings and its deeply rooted history was elected as the “European Museum of the Year” in Switzerland on April 19, 1997.
Temple of Augustos and Hacı Bayram Veli Mosque
Temple of Augustos is dated back to 1 century AD. Its inscriptions in Latin and Old Greek are in good condition. The mosque of Hacı Bayram Veli was built in 15th Century and is just adjacent to the temple of Augustos. The site was added in 2016 to the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Turkey.